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Mamos of Colombia Issue Call for Help
Kogi, Arhuaca communities in Colombia’s Sierra Nevada pick up the pieces after devastating wildfire
By Ana Barón Posted in Climate Change, Colombia, Fire, Indigenous Peoples on March 27, 2019
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An unprecedented wave of wildfires has devastated communities in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Three deaths have been reported, two victims from the Kogi and one from the Wiwa communities. Many animals have died, especially the sheep that produce wool used to make traditional bags, several mules, and horses. The costs of the damages are incalculable. More than 100 Arhuaco families have been affected; about 600 to 700 people were listed in critical condition.

Located on the Caribbean coast of Colombia, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is one of the world’s highest coastal ranges. Its millenary guardians are the Arhuaco, Kogi, Wiwa, and Kankuamo, the four indigenous descendant communities of the ancient Tayrona civilization.

The indigenous believe the Sierra Nevada is the Heart of the World, where they protect the balance of all life through pagamentos, or offerings. The Arhuaco and Kogi were one of the few indigenous communities that were never colonized and resisted being evangelized. They preserve their language, dress, and culture.

The Arhuaco and Kogi communities in particular were severely affected by the fires after an exceptionally dry and hot summer. The communities are currently asking for humanitarian help and donations because of the critical situation in the Sierra Nevada. More than 1,000 hectares and 4,000 people have been affected by severe fires, damaging several important spiritual settlements. Some Kogi settlements have also been affected by the fires. The houses where the animals live have also been burned.

In a press release, the organizations representing the Kogui Indigenous People (OGT), the Arhuaco (CIT), the Wiwa (OWYBT) and the Kankuamo (OIK), represented by the Territorial Council of Cabildos (CTC SNG), explain the serious situation caused by the fires and the environmental crisis caused by an unusually hot summer.

The press release states the following:

“The four Indigenous Peoples of the Sierra Nevada make a statement the environmental crisis in the heart of the world

“The Indigenous Peoples and Organizations Kogui (OGT), Arhuaco (CIT), Wiwa (OWYBT) and Kankuamo (OIK), representing the Territorial Council of Cabildos (CTC SNG), speak about the serious situation caused by the fires and the environmental crisis caused by the strong summer in the Sierra Nevada de Gonawindua.

“We hereby communicate to the public, local, regional, national and international opinion, and the civil society the following:

“As caretakers of the Heart of the World, we express our uncertainty about the serious environmental situation and humanitarian crisis generated by the fires, which have been presented since last February 24, in more than ten (10) places in the Sierra Nevada, that increased because of the long summer, the heat wave and the strong winds that increase the risk of destroying other areas in this sacred territory, threatening our material and immaterial heritage, natural in cultural and environmental terms.

“The magnitude of the damages is incalculable, the fires have devastated more than 1000 Hectares (nearly 2,500 acres) of the mountainous ecosystem of the Sierra Nevada. To date the total destruction of houses in the settlements of Seynimin (Arhuaco), and Waneyaka (Kogi) is reported, fires still persist in the region of Nabusimake (Pueblo Bello), Sogrome, Donachwi, Jukwinchukwa, Suribaka, Shendukua, Zinka, (Valledupar) Piñoncito, Sabana Grande and Potrerito (San Juan), and other regions are at risk. In addition, spiritual and material damages have affected the following ancestral sites: Ezwamas, Kadukwa, Mamanua, Shentuan (Ceremonial Government Center) Kankurwas (traditional houses), farms, health centers, schools, and hundreds of families.

“Faced with this serious situation that puts at risk the balance and harmony of the territory as a source of life and the physical and cultural permanence of the communities that inhabit and take care of the Heart of the World; the mamos (spiritual authorities), indigenous authorities and peoples of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, have taken the following steps:

TO DECLARE [a state of] cultural, social, environmental and economic emergency in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, traditional and ancestral territory of four indigenous communities.

TO REQUEST in an urgent manner the help of national, regional, and local authorities; relief, risk and disaster agencies, [Colombia’s] public prosecutor’s office and international organizations, [as well as] immediate intervention to address the declared emergency through coordination, accompaniment, and monitoring mechanisms.

TO ALERT the regional and local indigenous authorities along with the communities and families within the communities to take the necessary measures of prevention and control in this situation according to our own mandates and regulations.

TO APPEAL for the solidarity of those who wish to provide humanitarian aid, donations of equipment, non-perishable food, mats, tents, hammocks, and other necessary elements that will be received in the offices of the indigenous houses in Valledupar, Santa Marta, and Riohacha.”

Direct donations can be sent to:
Asociación de Autoridades Arhuacas de la Sierra Nevada
(Arhuaco Authorities Association of la Sierra Nevada)
Bank Account:
Bank: BBVA Colombia
Account Number: 0486024151
IBAN: ES11 0182 0061 7000 8010 2701

Direct Contacts:
Fredy Izquierdo
Asocit President

Reinaldo Izquierdo
Treasurer of the Tayrona Indigenous Confederation

Technical Secretary of the CTC
[email protected]
Tel. +573215446140

Tayrona Indigenous Confederation – CIT
[email protected]
[email protected]
Tel. +573182042200

Organization Gonawindua Tayrona – OGT
[email protected]
Tel. +573013530288

Ana Barón is a collaborator of Mestizo Muisca origin, translator, and environmental activist involved in supporting indigenous communities in Colombia, South America.

This article is being published in collaboration with Intercontinental Cry, a magazine dedicated to indigenous issues throughout the world.

Arhuacos climate change kankuamos Kogis Mamos Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta wildfires Wiwas

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  1. Please update on the current situation of the Kogi and Wiwa and others that suffered loss in last years fires
    Thank you

    1. Thank you for the suggestion, Michele! I am going to pass this along to Ana Barón, the author of this piece and our collaborator in Colombia, and ask her to send an update! Thank you for reading us and please stay in touch.